What are the guna's

By Pankaj / Frank van den Bovenkamp, June 12, 2014

Theory of creation
A systaltic flow known as a normal wave may or may not come within the range of perception or detection. We might refer to it's expanded or crested phase as the sentient pause, and the compressed phase or trough as the static pause. Generally it's cause is known or can be identified, like for example the sound of an animal in the forest, or it can be inferred, like in the case of an atom emitting a photon. However, this is always an external cause.

The original cause may or may not be conceived, but definitely it cannot be perceived. In order to exist at the same time with the relative cause, both causes cannot be each other's witnessing entity at the same time. The latter is what causes the cyclic phenomenon.

During the systalsis, the sentient, static and mutative factors (guna's) act together at one place. Synchronization (synthesis) and de-synchronization (reduction) within the causal receptacle are each implied twice. As each periodic movement is similar to the preceeding one, this accounts for the sequential synthesis, thus continuating the causal principle inside the planes of inferences.

Causal analysis
During synchronizing action, the guna's are known, but their identities remain unknown - only interactions are accounted for. That is why there can be only 4 distinct permutations of the guna-interactions, forming the vertices of the triangular figure. The linear expression is unrelated to the permutations. Systaltic expression is caused by the bifurcation of the singular linear flow plus the 4 synchronizing interactions. The external wave itself exists in the form of 4 distinct accelerative and 2 synchronized phases, plus 4 synchronizing interactions synthesizing the sequential phenomenon. The Supreme Primordial Principle permanently resides within the center of the simultaneous and sequential states.

Primordial state (8 permutations during homomorphic evolution), bifurcation (5 + 5 = 10 permutation-interactions) and sequential wave (6 + 4 = 10 states during autogenesis).

The balanced triangle of forces
The sum total of interactions of all waves in the universe, while taking into account the perpetual causal stance, constitutes the Cosmic Mind. As far as the original cause is concerned, there is no question of the factors of time place and person. In this state or stance of homomorphic evolution, the guna-interaction permutations have become trivial. The Causal Matrix is considered as a triad of simultaneous guna-interactions, constituting the inner equilibrium of a flow of similitude in synchronized, unmanifest form.

Guna definitions by the law of self-similar interactions (Swabhava)

Guna Principal action x value in Swabhava Guna value in Swabhava
Sentient (expansive) 1 + x 0.618 1 / x
Static (compressive) 1 - x 0.618 x2
Mutative (shuttling) (1 - x) / (1 + x) 0.618 x3

Intuitional science
The acoustic wave merges in the incantative wave, and the latter merges in the Cosmic Nucleus. This process liberates the mind from dogmatic and confused thoughts about self and the world. However those who aspire for the unqualified stance will not aim at the Cosmic Nucleus as their ultimate goal. In this case the cognitive and creative faculties are considered one at the onset. Hence there is neither an acoustic wave, nor the conception of Cosmic Nucleus, and the incantative wave becomes the Supreme Primordial Principle itself. Thus the unit escapes from the neverending cycles of creation and becomes one with the Infinite.

The guna's can be known only due to inferences. In other words, their identities can by inferred through a proper analysis of the creation through siddhi, that is, by developing a consummate perspective through intuitional practice.

Additional notes
In his discourses on microvita and cosmology, Shrii P.R. Sarkar did not use the term "guna" a single time. Instead, he introduced the concept of subwaves and introduced new terms to describe the primordial and bifurcated states and faculties. From this point of view, the subject of guna's might seem somewhat less topical or less progressive. The reader may decide whether he or she wants to consider the use of the concept of the guna's in relation to microvita, depending e.g. on scientific, educational or technical needs.

Sankhya means "counting". By way of a bookkeeping system, a total of 24 fundamental principles was counted. On a fundamental level, all counts are identical and dimensionless and are used in an axiomatic creation scenario. The primordial principle of Sankhya is Mulaprakrtii, tied to the sequential principle through an axiomatic cycle of 10 counts. P.R. Sarkar: "In vainly trying to count the number of fundamental principles in the creation, Sa´m´khya has made its biggest mistake in forgetting to count Parama Purus´a. Perhaps he [Maharshi Kapila] did not have sufficient intellect to realize that Parama Purus´a is the Supreme Primordial Principle".* In other words, if Parama Purusa is the Primordial Principle or cause, Mulaprakrtii can be the original or internal, but not the primordial cause, and the sequential phenomenon is the external cause. Hence Parama Purusa is accounted for by the relation of the internal cycle of Mulaprakrtii, with the external cycle of the sequential principle. In other words, the number of Parama Purusa is 10 / 10 = One.
* Parthasarathi Krsna and Samkhya Philosophy Part II